Pimples (Acne and Acne Scarring)
Acne (also known as acne vulgaris) is something most of us have experienced at one time or another. As many as three out of four teenager have experienced it to some extent. It is most prevalent during adolescence because hormonal changes stimulate the sebaceous glands (oil glands) into producing more sebum (oil), increasing the chance of acne.
Whilst most people outgrow acne in their late teens or early twenties, many continue to be affected for much longer. Aggravation of acne in later life may occur with menstrual periods, use of birth control pills as well as use of excessive oil based products.
At Skintech Medical, our cosmetic medical practitioner are trained to diagnose, assess and provide a comprehensive treatment plan and options. It is important to seek early medical intervention in order to prevent permanent scarring which will require expensive laser treatments later on. It is important to exclude and treat undergoing hormonal problems, as well as differentiating it from different conditions such as seborrheic dermatitis and rosacea.
Types of acne as follows:
Acne (Acne Vulgaris)
Acne is a long term skin disease that occurs when pores are clogged with dead skin cells and excessive oil production. Acne is characterised by areas of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples and greasy skin, and may result in scarring.
Seborrheic Dermatitis is an inflammatory skin disorder affecting mainly the scalp, face and torso, which usually presents with scaly, flaky, itchy and red skin.
Known as a long term skin condition characterised by facial redness, small and superficial dilated blood vessels on facial skin, papules, pustules and swelling.
What causes acne?
Acne occurs when the oil produced by sebaceous glands does not reach the surface of the skin but is trapped in tiny pores or follicles, causing a plug.
This plug may close off the pore, causing the follicle wall to bulge, which creates a white head. If the pore stays open, the top surface of the plug may become darkened, causing a blackhead. In both cases, the bacteria, Propionibacterium acnes, thrives in the clogged follicles into the surrounding tissue, pimples are formed.
There are different types of acne scarring (rolling, boxcar, and ice picks). Each different type requires different approach.
Ice Pick Scar
Most effective treatment include punch excision and/or topical application of TCA (also known as CROSS).*
Most effective treatment includes Er:YAG and CO2 lasers. Erbium glass laser may also be used for milder cases. Laser treatment is sometimes combined with subciscion.*
Most effective options are punch excision or laser depending on size. In many cases, the patient has combination of scar types and therefore, combinations of treatments are required. It is important to have a full assessment in order to formulate a treatment plan.*
This type of scar requires treatment with injection and topical cream followed by laser if necessary.*
This type of scar may be treated with resurfacing lasers.*
Treating Acne Scars
Many people suffer from varying degrees of acne scars. Fortunately, severe and mild acne can be successfully treated with a range of procedures. Our practitioners will determine the severity of your acne and may select one or more treatments that are best for you. The basic steps of acne control may include oral or topical treatments. Device based option is also available.
Common Acne Scar treatments includes:
- Filler injections – This treatment is ideal for shallow and deep acne scars. These fillers can be injected into the area of the scar, smoothing depressions. Results are immediately apparent. Patients usually require touch up treatments every six months to two years.
- Microdermabrasion – This treatment acts like a superficial skin polishing medium by using micro-crystals vacuumed over your skins surface to remove damaged skin cells. These gentle treatments can provide noticeable improvement on acne scars. The treatment is progressive and are applied through a course of fortnightly sessions.
- Medical Peels – A chemical solution is used to gradually remove the fine outer layers of the skin. The solutions are available in several strengths, depending on the degree of peeling desired. Healing can take from 3 days to 3 weeks. A new, smoother layer of skin is then formed.
- Non-Ablative Laser Treatments – This may not require anaesthesia, as they are not as painful as ablative laser treatments. There might be little to no downtime. A series of treatments is recommended. The improvement is gradual and continues to improve even after the treatment stops. Depending on the type of acne scar, improvement can be dramatic.
- Laser Skin Resurfacing – This treatment gives your practitioner a precise control as the procedure gently vaporises the acne scarred skin to reveal the smooth, fresh skin underneath.
- Organic Dermastamp – This treatment combines the dermastamp treatment with PRP treatment to provide the ultimate organic skin rejuvenation without the use any foreign chemicals or products on the skin. It is a total skin rejuvenation with the help of your own stem cells, as the platelets are deeply absorbed into your skin via the derma stamp method. It is recommended for all types of scarring.
Call us now to book in your FREE skin consultation to treat acne or acne scarring.*